Old French Chicken Breed Crévacouers


Antique print (lithograph) of the French Chicken breed of Crévacouers by J. Bungartz for ‘Vogelwereld’ by A. Nuyens. Date 1886 (dated 1883).

(Note that Thursday is Luddite Picture Day at B.P.A.)

2 thoughts on “Old French Chicken Breed Crévacouers

  1. Nilgun Tuna

    This picture reminds me of the butcher shop in France where I saw the famous Poulet de Bresse for the first time. It actually had blue feet! It also had a tag documenting its origin. The French take their food seriously! That’s why I have never had a bad meal in France, even at a truck stop. I have not yet had the good fortune to eat Poulet de Bresse, however.

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  2. Cédric Jeanneret

    I believe the correct spelling for this race is Crèvecoeur. See http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poule_de_Cr%C3%A8vec%C5%93ur and here too http://www.poules-racesdefrance.fr/la-crevecoeur.html

    My quick translation:

    It is one of the most ancient breeds in France. Its origin can be traced back to the chicken-with-crest from Padua in Italy, that were first imported in Belgium. They became popular in France under Louis XI (1423/1483).

    “”C´est une des plus anciennes races françaises. Elle serait issue de sujets proches de Padoue en Italie (poule à huppe), qui furent importés en Belgique, puis se répandirent en France au temps de Louis XI .””

    One of the most common breeds in France and abroad at the end of the 19th century. At the time, fashion pushed breeders into developing the crest of the animal – for aesthetic purposes. This breeding effort handicapped the breed in its quest for food and its capacity to hide from predators. The breed thus became less adapted to the extensive production methods at that time – commercial agriculture abandoned it for that reason and the fact that better layers were being imported from abroad. It ‘died’ from being ‘too beautiful’ during the mid-20th century.

    “”C´était une des races française les plus répandue en France à la fin du XIXème siècle et aussi à l´étranger. La mode de l´époque voulut qu´on exagérât la taille de sa huppe à des fins d´esthétique ce qui handicapa grandement l´animal dans sa recherche de nourriture mais aussi dans sa protection vis à vis des prédateurs. Les modes de production extensifs d´alors ne convinrent plus à l´animal qui, on peut l´estimer, fut rejeté par la frange agricole. Elle périt d´avoir été « trop belle » de même que par l´importation de races étrangères plus performantes. Elle disparut au milieu du vingtième siècle.””

    On the wiki page, it says it is a good layer ( I wouldn’t know: eggs weigh on average 65g) and it is still bred in Normandie.

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